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HPV Vaccine

Is cervical cancer a common disease?

  • Globally, there is 0.5 million new cases of cervical cancer every year
  • Approximately 1 person is diagnosed with cervical cancer in every second
  • Cervical cancer is the second most common female cancer in the world

Apart from psychological distress and economic burden, patients even have to bear the torture of recurrent cancer.

What are the causes of cervical cancer?

Cervical cancer is mainly caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. There are over hundreds of HPV subtypes, whereas HPV 16 and 18 are the most common ones. 70% of cervical cancer is caused by HPV 16 and 18 subtypes, and may also lead to vulvar cancer and vaginal cancer. Cervical cancer usually takes years time to develop, so early diagnosis and prevention is very important. Regular cervical cancer screening (Pap smear test) can detect abnormal changes, so as to provide timely treatments. Indeed, cervical cancer is one of the cancers that can be detected early, enabling timely management of the disease.

HPV Vaccine

HPV Vaccine is a kind of preventive vaccines, which helps to prevent diseases caused by HPV infection:

  1. Cervical cancer
  2. Vulvar cancer
  3. Vaginal cancer

Clinical research showed that HPV vaccine has significant efficacy towards preventing cervical cancer.

The complete course of HPV vaccination includes 3 doses. The second dose should be injected one month after first injection, while the third dose should be injected 5 months after second injection. The vaccine would be effective only all 3 doses have been injected.

The above information is provided by professional doctor, and only used for educational purposes. If you have any discomfort, don’t hesitate to consult a doctor.